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These are some baseball terms starting with the letter S. It will be updated from time to time.
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'S' Baseball Terminology

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Baseball TermDescription
SabermetricsEmpirical analysis of baseball through statistics. Used to better determine player value and actual performance versus perceived performance.
Sacrifice FlyA tag-up play with a runner on third base where a fly ball is caught and the runner on 3rd leaves his base after the ball is caught and beats the throw home. The batter is not given an official at bat and he is given a Run Batted In.
SalaryContracted pay for a player for a season
ScoutA person whose job (or task) is to evaluate talent over the course of a time period to determine his value and future value.
SeriesThe baseball schedule has teams playing their opponent for consecutive games to ease travel. The amount of games ranges usually between 2 and 4.
Service TimeExpressed in YY.MMM format, indicates the number of years and days that a player has been on a Major League Roster (Disabled List included). The service time value will affect a player's eligiblity for arbitration or free agency.
Setup ManRelief pitcher who bridges the gap between the starting pitcher and the closer. The setup men are usually a team's next best relievers who pitch the 7th and 8th innings, mostly 1 inning at a time
ShiftDisplacement of fielders away from their normal positioning in order to create an advantageous defensive situation. Players shift moderately for at least every play/pitch depending on a batter's tendencies (along with other input factors). But a true shift is when a batter has a more extreme predictive outcome. An example would be a third basemen shifting to short right field for a left-handed pull-hitter or a shortstop playing behind second base.
Short-hopA ball hit or thrown to a fielder where the ball lands just before him and he is forced to play the ball on a hop into his glove. Preferably for a fielder, the hop is close or far and not an in-between hop.
Sidearm pitcherA pitcher whose delivery comes from his hip instead of overhand over his shoulder. Typically, only relievers have this delivery style.
SignsPlayers communicate through the game through hand signals simply called Signs. The Catcher relays pitches to the pitcher via finger signs and relays some plays to the infield via touching equipment. The Manager relays signs to base coaches who relay signs to players.
Slap HitterA player who tends to hit the ball to the opposite field
SlicingA ball that is hit towards an outfielder that is moving towards the foul lines due to the spin on the ball is said to be a slicing hit.
SliderA pitch that is thrown with sweeping spin that sharply breaks like a curveball but at a higher speed and less sharpness of movement. The pitch is meant to look like a strike and then sweep away from the hitter, out of the strike zone, as he starts his swing
SluggerA batter known to hit a high percentage of extra bases and who generally hits with power
SouthpawLeft-handed pitcher
Spin RateMeasures the spin of a pitched ball in revolutions per minute (RPM). The rate of spin will have an effect on the eventual destination of the pitched ball. The more the ball spins, the more effects it should theoretically have
Spring TrainingFebruary and March of every spring, teams convene in Arizona and Florida to prepare for the upcoming season via workouts and exhibition games.
Squeeze PlayBunting with a runner on third base in an attempt to sacrifice an out at first base to score the runner. Suicide squeeze means runner is running on the pitch to get a head start
SquibblerOften refers to a ball hit slowly off the end of the bat
Baseball TermDescription
StatcastAutomated system that tracks movement during a baseball game resulting in big-data analysis of player tool metrics in both real-time and aggregated for future analysis.
StretchThe shorter pitching motion to deliver the ball quicker to home plate in order to make it more difficult for baserunners to get a good jump for stealing. The motion starts with ball in glove at waist and then the pitcher tries to throw his pitch as hard as possible from that starting position.
Strike ZoneThe area above home plate from the edges of the plate horizontally and halfway up the torso and the knees. The zone is re-defined per league and level and per umpire and remains a pure judgement call.
Submarine pitcherA pitcher whose pitching motion and delivery comes from underneath instead of overhand. His hand will come close to the ground as he releases the ball.
Suicide SqueezeBunt play with runner on third base where runner is running on the pitch and batter is forced to protect him by bunting the ball in play, forcing the defense to get the out at 1b.
Sweet SpotThe area of the bat where the most power is produced. Is called the sweet spot because the batter will virtually no vibration after making contact.
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