Scouting Reports are statistically-generated ratings for batters and pitchers based on yearly comparisons against their peers. The ratings are not based on a pre-determined benchmark such as the scouting ratings used by scouts. This is not based on actually seeing a player's physical skills. These ratings are based exclusively on statistical history and can be used to help predict a player's fantasy usefulness and possible career projection.
A player is ranked compared to peers in each league for each season he has played predicated on a minimum number of at-bats. Ranked players are assigned a number ranging from 100 to 1 with equal distribution to each number. The worst player receives 1 while the best receives 100. Depending on the number of players eligible, there could be more than 1 or more than 100 assigned. For a player's career (including the college data we have), the rankings for each rating is averaged providing a final score. For example, if a player played 2 seasons, was 1st in power in 2009 in the California League but 10th in power in 2008 in the Gulf Coast League, his Power Rating will be (100+91)/2 = 96. Since all scores are averages, there is not equal distribution between ratings.
Its also important to note that there is no greater weight assigned to major league stats. A player who only played college ball might have a rating of 100 in power whereas Ryan Howard has a rating of 96. It does not mean we think this player has greater power than Ryan Howard. These ratings are only Indicators.
The following list indicates the factors included in each scouting category:
Batting: Takes into account batting average compared to his peers.
Power: Takes into account extra-base hits against balls put into play with extra weight given to homers while doubles and triples are treated equally owing to the assumption that a triple is a double with better circumstances.
Contact: Compares strikeouts against a player's plate appearances.
Speed: stolen bases as compared to the number of times a player reached first base, not considering caught stealings.
Patience: Simply the number of walks compared to at bats.
Control: Walks compared to batters faced.
k-Rating: Strikeouts compared to batters faced.
Efficiency: Similar to WHIP, a higher rating for pitchers allowing less baserunners per inning pitched.
vs Power: Home Runs allowed compared to batters faced.